Dr Søren Rud Kristensen BSc MSc PhD

Photograph of Søren Rud Kristensen

Research Fellow in Health Economics

Manchester Centre for Health Economics
Institute of Population Health 
University of Manchester

4.305, Jean Mcfarlane Building
Oxford Road
Manchester, M13 9PL


Søren joined the Manchester Centre for Health Economics as a Research Fellow in Health Economics in May 2012. He earned an MSc in Economics (2008) and a PhD in Economics (2012) from the University of Southern Denmark. His doctoral studies were completed partly at the Centre of Health Economics Research at the University of Southern Denmark and at the governmental Danish Evaluation Institute for Local Governments (KREVI)

Søren is interested in the use and design of incentives for performance at the government, organisational, and individual level. His research takes point of departure in incentive theory and often uses microeconometric analyses of large data sets such as hospital episode statistics to empirically investigate the intended and unintended effects of different incentive designs.

While in Manchester, Søren has been involved in a project on resource allocation for mental health care in the English NHS, and projects on the use of financial incentives for improving provider quality, including the Commissioning for Quality and Innovation (CQUIN) scheme, and the Advancing Quality (AQ) scheme.

In 2013 Søren was awarded an Individual Postdoctoral Grant from The Danish Council for Independent Research | Social Sciences for the project "Efficient provision of organizational incentives in public procurement and regulation: Exploring reference-dependence and risk" (July 2013-Decmber 2015). 



  • Kristensen, S., Bech, M. & Quentin, W (2015). A roadmap for comparing readmission policies with application to Denmark, England, Germany and the United States. Health Policy, 119(3), 264-273. eScholarID:244753 | DOI:doi:10.1016/j.healthpol.2014.12.009
  • Kristensen, S., Lauridsen, J. & Bech, M (2015). Who to pay for performance? The choice of organisational level for hospital performance incentives. Eur J Health Econ, Online First, eScholarID:261618 | DOI:10.1007/s10198-015-0690-0
  • Kristensen, S.R., Siciliani, L., Sutton, M. (2015). Optimal Price-Setting in Pay for Performance Schemes in Health Care. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, eScholarID:282131
  • Søgaard, R., Kristensen, S. & Bech, M (2015). Incentivising effort in governance of public hospitals: development of a delegation-based alternative to activity-based remuneration. Health Policy, In Press, eScholarID:260695


  • Kristensen S, Meacock R, Turner A, Boaden R, McDonald R, Roland M, Sutton M. (2014). Long-Term Effect of Hospital Pay for Performance on Mortality in England. N E J M, 371, 540-548. eScholarID:230826 | DOI:10.1056/NEJMoa1400962
  • Meacock R, Kristensen S, Sutton M. (2014). Paying for improvements in quality: recent experience in the NHS in England. Nordic Journal of Health Economics, 239-255. eScholarID:222432 | DOI:https://www.journals.uio.no/index.php/NJHE/article/view/794
  • Meacock R, Kristensen S.R, Sutton M. (2014). The cost-effectiveness of using financial incentives to improve provider quality: a framework and application. Health Economics, 23, 1-13. eScholarID:200276 | DOI:10.1002/hec.2978
  • Roland M, Sutton M, Kristensen S, Meacock R, Turner A, Boaden R, McDonald R. (2014). Does pay for performance in hospitals save lives? BMJ Qual Saf, 23(4), 349-350. eScholarID:225649 | DOI:doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2014-002893.7
  • Kristensen, S.R., Siciliani, L., Sutton, M. (2014). Optimal Price-Setting in Pay for Performance Schemes in Health Care. CEPR Discussion Papers, eScholarID:234709


  • Kristensen, S. R., Siciliani, L., Sutton, M. (2013). Price setting in pay for performance schemes: Theory and practice. Presented at Nordic Health Economists’ Study Group (NHESG). Oslo. eScholarID:211917
  • Kristensen, S.R. (2013). Local targets for national objectives – Lessons from bottom-up design of Pay-for-Performance schemes. Presented at English Health Economists' Study Group (HESG). University of Exeter. eScholarID:211918
  • Kristensen, S. R., McDonald, R., & Sutton, M. (2013). Should pay-for-performance schemes be locally designed? evidence from the commissioning for quality and innovation (CQUIN) framework. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 18(2S), 38-49. eScholarID:211911
  • McDonald, R., Kristensen, S. R., Zaidi, S., Sutton, M., Todd, S., Konteh, F., ... & Brown, S. (2013). Evaluation of the Commissioning for Quality and Innovation Framework Final Report. eScholarID:211915
  • Kristensen, S. R., Bech, M., Lauridsen, J.T. (2013). Who to pay for performance? The choice of organisational level for hospital performance incentives. Health Economics Papers, eScholarID:211907
  • Kristensen, S. R., Fe, E., Bech, M., & Mainz, J. (2013). Is the quality of hospital care price sensitive? Regression kink estimates from a volume dependent price setting scheme. Health Economics Papers, eScholarID:211908


  • Kristensen, Søren Rud. (2012). Performance Based Provider Reimbursement and Supply Side Incentives for Quality in Hospital Care. University of Southern Denmark. eScholarID:211906